The Developers and Manufacturers of Species-Appropriate Rations for Dogs and Cats




                       How to choose your dog’s food?


A.  By the color of the bag?

B.  By responding to catchy television ads?

C.  By following the advice of the Whole Dog Journal?

D.  By avoiding foods that include by-products, animal fat, or sunflower oil?

E.  None of the above.

E.  None of the above is the right answer.


If you are enamored of a pretty bag, buy it and hang it on your wall.  Catchy ads are designed to catch you.  The foods they promote have, as this article will reveal, little or no substance behind them and despite the profound-sounding rhetoric are the foods that are causing all the problems.  Following the advice on nutrition of the Whole Dog Journal on nutrition will often steer you in the wrong direction.  Their opinions generally are scientifically invalid and often lack basic common sense.  (More proof of this to come later in this article).  Avoiding foods that include by-products, animal fat, or sunflower oil is absurd.  No dog food can be adequate without the first two.  The third ingredient, sunflower oil, is the most valuable back-up source of omega 6 fatty acids.  It is the only non-toxic oil in the market placeOmega 6 fatty acids are the most essential and valuable fatty acids in nutrition.  Life cannot proceed without them.  How then should you choose your dog’s food?  By its record.

Dogs and cats have come to us over the millennia without the need for medical intervention.  For them to survive they had to be sound, strong, reproduce abundantly, and be resistant to all the problems they encountered from the beginning of life to the end.  This could only have taken place because their diet promoted self-sufficiency.  That then is the standard every ration manufactured today has to meet, but doesn’t.  Based on this profound insight we can safely assume that virtually every breakdown condition is food-caused.  Very simply, every breakdown condition that crosses breed lines and is repeated all over the country at pandemic levels can only be food caused.  There is no other valid explanation for this phenomena.  Dogs and cats are carnivores (meat-eaters).  Industry (companies small and large), feeds them as if they were omnivores or herbivores (primarily plant matter eaters) offering a level of nutrition far below the level they require in order to be self-sufficient.  This proves beyond a shadow of a doubt that deficiencies are the causes of the vast majority (if not all) breakdown conditions that fit into the category described aboveA second  important point is poisoning.  Plant-derived toxins (called saponins and phaseolins), are the defense mechanisms of some plants, many of which are commonly included in commercial rations and are poisonous to dogs and cats.  More about this subject later in the article. 

The following conditions and many others are at pandemic levels, occurring all over the country in virtually every breed of dog.  New conditions emerge with every non-species appropriate ingredient that enters the feed supply.  All skin and coat problems, including but not limited to: dry coats, “hot spots,” foul smelling oily coats, allergies, interminable bouts of itching, scratching, excessive shedding and chewing of the feet can be traced to non-species appropriate ingredients and to improper dietary structure.  Equally commonplace are gastrointestinal disorders including “sensitive stomach,” “finicky eaters,” “irritable bowel syndrome,” inability to absorb nutrients, autoimmune disorders, certain types of seizures, diabetes, thyroid, heart and kidney breakdowns, colitis, anal sac problems, bloat and torsion.  Non-species appropriate ingredients and inadequate amounts of food also cause virtually, if not all, breakdowns during growth including hip dysplaysia, elbow dysplaysia, HOD, PANO, OCD, and others.  There is still more!  A host of reproductive disorders including: failure to conceive, small and shrinking litter sizes, many birth defects including cleft palates, umbilical hernias, open brain and chest cavities at birth, chronic uterine infections, uterine inertia, re-absorptions, abortions, restless mothers often leading to crushed puppies, agalactica (lack of milk), poor recovery of bitches after whelping, cannibalism (mothers that kill and eat their own very young puppies), lack of desire to breed in males, lack of stamina in breeding, low sperm counts, ascending and descending testicles, missing testicles and urinary tract disorders to name a few.  

What are the characteristics of commercial rations that create the profound deficiencies that result in the pandemic of breakdown conditions that exist today?  The following will help explain what they are, and what it is about them that leads to deficiencies.

Most dry foods today are extruded or baked (formed into hard chunks or pellets).  For simplicity we will call both types kibble.  These ways of making dog or cat foods may be the worst methods of production ever devised, setting the stage at the outset for future health problems.  Here’s why.  Kibble is made up of a number of ingredients of which 75% is grain (50 to 60% is carbohydrate), gluten, small amounts of animal tissue or/and animal meals, fats, oils, vitamins, minerals and flavoring agents.  The various ingredients can be separated into two groups: those that require high levels of processing, the grains, which furnish most of the energy in the rations (albeit in a very inefficient way), and the tissue-building nutrients (TBN’s) - the animal tissue, meals, fats, oils and vitamins from which the entire physical structure and chemistry of the animal are built and maintained.  The reason the grains require so much processing is that raw grain is unusable by carnivores and to make it usable it requires the application of high levels of heat and pressure in order to convert the starch into a usable, albeit inefficient form of energy, dextrin.  Tissue-building nutrients, on the other hand, can be damaged by high levels of processing.  Very simply, because of the limitations in the process the least important ingredients, the grains, dictate the level at which the entire ration is prepared.  This process is designed to prepare grain for consumption by dogs and cats, and is antagonistic to the TBN’s (which include animal meals, fats and oils that are a superior form of energy to carbohydrates or vegetables), the damage from which can result in deficiencies of the vital nutrients.

Another shortcoming of the kibbling process – plaque formation

Plaque is a big issue in dogs; it causes gum disease and tooth loss.  The chewing of hard kibble is touted as being both the prevention and cure.  Doctoral theses have been written on the benefits of kibble in the cleaning of teeth in support of industry propaganda.  The facts, however, indicate that the opposite is true, that chewing kibble is the cause of plaque in dogs.  Chewing kibble causes particles of food to accumulate in the crevices around the teeth.  Although some companies take the approach that rough fibrous food can help clean teeth, it is absolute nonsense.  Fibrous food is not appropriate to the feeding of carnivores, it is for herbivores (ruminants).  Additionally, there is no way to clean teeth with food.  In Nature, the texture of the food (internal organs, meat, fat, etc...) is slippery and does not leave residue.  It is ripped into pieces, pulled apart and swallowed, not chewed.  Prevention is the only way of keeping teeth clean

Kibble on the other hand is high in carbohydrates, the foundation of plaque formation.  Clearly chewing kibble is the primary cause of plaque accumulation.  Only the Abady Company has successfully addressed these two critically important issues by creating a special process that does not penalize nutrition while improving energy production.  It includes more animal fat and oils and fewer carbohydrates.  Fresh animal tissue is processed once.  The animal meals are also processed only once, as are fats and oils, unlike kibble in which animal meals are processed twice.  Importantly in Abady granular products the vitamins are never exposed to heat or pressure.  Dogs do not have a requirement for carbohydrates and generally fare better with lower levels.  Only the Abady Company’s special process permits the levels of each ingredient to be included independently, allowing an increase in fats, an increase in protein, and a decrease in carbohydrates according to the requirements of that formula.  In Abady granular most of the grains are fully processed, independently of most of the TBN content.  Both grains and tissue building nutrients are blended together at the end of the process, (after each has been appropriately processed), not at the beginning.  In addition this special food has a granular texture that does not require it be chewed.  This prevents plaque from forming, just as in Nature, thereby maintaining cleaner teeth.  If one wishes the dog to exercise its jaws, a marrow bone or pull toy should fit the bill, not the food.  While Abady’s granular formulas are the most advanced scientifically (proven over 30 years on the market), the Abady Company also produces several kibbled dog foods, in which the disadvantages have been reduced in innovative ways.  These we must keep secret to prevent other companies from copying them.

As we proceed we will explain how the faults in commercial rations (ordinary, Premium, Holistic, and Veterinary) have come together to create the profound deficiencies and the poisoning that lead to the pandemic of breakdown conditions evident today.  Read the following carefully.  You will not find this information anywhere else, and Industry will fight to maintain its defective yet profitable practices.  That is where the money is.  First and foremost, commercial diets are seriously lacking in quality animal protein.

Protein is the single most important nutrient in the dog’s diet.  The word protein, in fact, was coined from a Greek word meaning “of the first importance.”  Innumerable studies have amply confirmed its necessity and predominance for life itself.  Protein is a primary constituent of almost every biological process.  Primarily dependent on protein are the formation of structural and protective tissues, hormones, enzymes, and body secretions and all the basic chemical reactions of the body e.g. the acid/base balance, the regulation of fluid balance, antibody formation, and resistance to disease and parasites.  It becomes readily understandable – in view of its extraordinary importance – that if there were to be any inadequacies in a ration, the very last place one would wish to see them would be in the area that involves protein.  Deficiencies come about through a number of circumstances; outright shortages of quality ingredients, which is the overriding factor, shortages brought about through over processing, through the inclusion of large amounts of factors (grain and fibrous material) that speed up the transit time of the food including the protein through the stomach and small intestine reducing the amount of time the body needs to process the ingredients fully, diminishing their value.  Large amounts of carbohydrates and fiber crowd out the most important TBN’s, like animal protein and fat.  Shortages are also brought about through interference factors like fibrous material that block access of digestive juices and enzymes to the food materials reducing their nutritional value.   Shortages are caused by chemical linkage of vital nutrients with fibrous material that carries them out of the body and by the inclusion of gluten which lowers the biological value of all the protein in the ration, factors like saponins that interfere with the absorption of vitamins needed to properly process protein, and chemical factors in ingredients commonly included in kibble (phaseolins) that destroy the body’s ability to utilize protein.  All of these anti-protein factors are alive and well in modern commercial dry diets, and in many canned and frozen foods as well with no effort being made to address these shortcomings by most of Industry.  These shortcomings are not present in products designed and manufactured by the Robert Abady Dog and Cat Food Company.  This is the only company in the world market to offer this advantage

Shortages of animal protein are often disguised

Here is a typical example of food promoted as being chicken-based which, in reality, is gluten-based.  Gluten is the protein of grain and has a nutritional value of zero, making it the worst source of protein in the industry.  There are serious side effects associated with the inclusion of large amounts of gluten in a ration as well.  Gluten destroys the villa that line the intestines through which nutrients are pushed into the bloodstream.  The gluten filters into the villa and hardens when it dries, causing the villa to break off.  Since the villa cannot regenerate themselves, the damage is irreparable and permanent.


The destruction of the villa can result in an inability to absorb nutrients because nutrient absorption is site-specific.  If the sites at which specific nutrients are absorbed are nullified by effects of the gluten, the animal may not be able to absorb these particular nutrients – creating deficiencies that could be irreparable.  The food described is promoted on the basis of its exclusion of by-products or by-products meals, implying that these ingredients are undesirable and that their avoidance makes their products superior.  This unscientific and nonsensical approach to food making was quickly adopted by the Whole Dog Journal who made it the spearhead of its approach to nutrition.  That is one of the many reasons that its recommendations are invalid.  Avoiding by-products, (one of the most important sources of animal protein available) has become the marketing tool of the ignorant and in many cases the deceitful.  The claims by the WDJ and manufacturers of products that are marketed on the basis that by-products should be avoided and should be replaced by muscle meat is a deliberate and irresponsible distortion of the facts for a number of reasons.  This simply cannot be done.  The largest amount of raw muscle meat that can be included in a dry kibble is 20% of the ration, which includes 75% moisture, leaving 25% solids of which roughly half is protein.  This represents no more than 10% of the total protein in the ration, leaving 90% of the protein in a ration (on a solids basis) to be filled with protein.  The manufacturer has two options, to fill that 90% with by-products meals or with gluten.  The by-products meals are very nutritious, composed of heads, intestines (which are literally dripping with nutrients since these are the sites where nutrients are processed and absorbed by the body), feet, internal organs, and gluten – which we have already noted has a nutritional value of zero and potentially serious side effects.  Under pressure from the Abady Company, the WDJ claims to have modified its stance against by-products – the WDJ will now “accept by-products providing they are in a supportive role.”  What does this mean?  It actually means nothing.  As explained above, the maximum amount of raw muscle meat that can be included in a dry kibble is 20% of the ration.  This represents only on a wet basis 10% of the protein in the ration on a solids basis.  If by-products are included as a supportive entity, they would become part of the 10% protein, lowering the amount of raw muscle meat that is included in the ration.  This still leaves 90% of the protein in the ration to be filled!  But with what, gluten?  Typical of the WDJ is the promotion of the inclusion of whole grains and high fiber such as wheat, brown rice, and others.  Because of their high gluten content they are significant sources of allergies in dogs.  Dogs and cats have come to us over the millennia consuming tissue from a variety of animals, each bringing in factors unique to each animal.  The WDJ in its absence of knowledge considers this a minus rather than a plus.  Can anyone believe the nonsense they espouse and still remain in business?  Poultry or chicken by-products meals are among the most nutritious sources of protein available to dog food makers today.  They are often the nutritional equivalent of muscle meat.  Because they are not consumed by people their cost is relatively low and can be used abundantly in rations while keeping the cost of the food moderate and the quality high.  Intelligent dog food producers (like Abady) recognize this and take full advantage of it.  In fact, it is impossible to make a dog or cat food today that contains enough quality animal protein without the liberal inclusion of by-products

The nutritional significance of by-products can be verified by the following observation.  There is a pond on the property of the Abady testing facilities which is visited by wild geese and ducks.  There are also a number of resident foxes on the property that don’t mind helping themselves to a duck or goose dinner from time to time.  (Foxes are close relatives of dogs).  The foxes eat only the head, feet, and internal organs including the intestines (today they are called by-products).  They don’t touch the muscle meat presumably because the feathers are attached and are indigestible.  Luckily for them that they don’t read the WDJ and discover that they should not be eating such stuff.

In order to further emphasize the “brilliant” analytical powers of the WDJ’s brain trust, the WDJ often chooses as its top foods the worst products imaginable such as foods that include numerous sources of saponins and phaseolins.  As stated previously, saponins interfere with reproduction, can cause resorptions and abortions, gastro-intestinal disorders, and hemorrhages in a number of internal organs.  They are found in beet pulp, soybeans, sorghum, tomato pomace, alfalfa, oats, potatoes, peas, beans, yucca, and garlic.  Phaseolins stimulate rapid growth while interfering with the body’s availability to utilize protein.  They are commonly found in ingredients that contain saponins.  To make matters worse, many of these “pick” products contain very little animal protein, but lots of gluten (the protein of grain with a nutritional value of zero and serious side effects).  They also contain large quantities of expandable fibrous material, which is undesirable and problem-causing.  But, of course, they do not contain by-products.   


The next major breakdown-causing aspect of commercial dry diets is their inclusion of ingredients that contain saponins and phaseolins.  They are poisons and can be fatal.  Ingredients that contain saponins are: beet pulp, sorghum, soybeans, potatoes, alfalfa, tomato pomace, peas, beans, oats, garlic, and yucca.   

All of Nature’s creatures are equipped with defensive and offensive capabilities.  While the natural food sources of carnivores are capable of running, hiding, and defending themselves with hooves, horns, or teeth, plants cannot.  Plants, however, in addition to producing bitter tastes and developing thorns, possess elaborate chemical weapons-systems to ward off, injure, sterilize, or even kill the animals that would consume them.  Plants produce a wide variety of allergy-causing substances that can cause facial eczema in animals (in ways that are similar to the way in which poison ivy or poison oak affect humans) which deter animals from feeding upon them.  A number of plants contain estrogenic substances that will interfere with the estrus cycle rendering animals sterile (soybeans, for instance).  Plants produce chemicals (phaseolins) that prevent their protein substances from being utilized by the animals that ingest them, causing them to become nutritionally impoverished and run-down; their weakened immune systems inviting attack by parasites and viruses.  Others interfere with the reproductive cycle, causing abortions and death.  Some plants cause heart attacks in animals or dissolve their red blood cells.  Saponins in beet pulp, tomato pomace, alfalfa, sorghum, and soy do all of the above and more.  Some produce chemicals, like cyanide, which can stop animals from breathing or be poisonous in a number of ways.  The defense systems of plants are potent, and in many instances deadly, (as deadly in fact as the deadliest snakes), but they are infinitely more varied.  Some chemical structures such as saponins have come into common usage only for economic reasons.  To the proponents of commercial nutrition Science is to be avoided at all costs because it would discredit them.  Don’t you remember the “to-do” over what causes bloat?  First it was genetics, then gluttony, then gulping air, now another nonsensical explanation advanced by a veterinary school – citric acid.  That is how Industry protects itself.  By preventing you from discovering the truth about any breakdown condition so that Industry can continue producing foods that are based on wholly unsuitable but highly profitable ingredients.

How the defects of commercial nutrition are expressed during growth

While veterinarians recognize that dogs on commercial rations grow too rapidly for the quality tissue that commercial rations generate they try to slow down the rate of growth rather than intensifying the tissue-building aspects of the ration, which is totally illogical.  One must bear in mind that growth is the period in life when nutrient demand is at its greatest.  Intentionally failing to provide the nutrients required to meet the demands of growing dogs by recommending foods that are clearly unsatisfactory, or worse yet restricting intake of inadequate foods borders on criminality - particularly when such recommendations are institutionalized.  These are not innocent mistakes!  They have to do with conflicts of interest.  Interfering with growth patterns by restricting food intake can only result in consequences that will plague the animal for the rest of its life or cost it its life.  This article has already demonstrated that commercial rations are inadequate for maintenance, in the face of greater demand for nutrients how could the feeding of such a ration be justified?  It can’t.  Commercial rations cannot be used for growth.  Because of this absurd notion that nutrients should be restricted during growth, growth foods today are being produced with fewer calories and nutrients and even higher levels of fiber.  Selecting such foods while restricting feed intake is incomprehensibleFood intake must be determined by the individual animal.  It is up to the manufacturer to insure nutritional adequacy of the ration.  If the food is inadequate (as is apparent from the record number of breakdowns created by commercial rations) it should not be fed at all.  Food which includes holistic and veterinary diets should not be double-edged swords.  Foods should be properly characterized in energy and in vitally important tissue-building nutrients in the proper ratios to support and foster sound development.  Abady growth foods are.  They may be the only ones that can support the growth of large and giant breed puppies as well as all other breeds of dog.  The first call of the body is for energy (calories).  If energy is undersupplied by restricting food intake, whatever small amount of TBN are included in the diet will be used by the body for energy production, making the nutritional situation even worse Second, the ration must provide all the nutrients the body requires to grow soundly.  Restricting food intake can also create stool eating.  Stool eating can result in malnutrition and even bloat.

How Do Deficiencies Come About? 

The problems associated with too much grain and too much fiber: because grain is not an ingredient that is natural to carnivores (neither are vegetables) it is rushed through the digestive processes much faster than ingredients that are species-appropriate.  This causes diarrhea, which is a terrifying happening to Industry, because it would cut down on sales.  In fact, no matter how it is accomplished, preventing diarrhea is an obsession of IndustryThat is why fiber (whether grain fiber or vegetable fiber) has become the core of every ration.  It is the only way of creating a firm stool while avoiding the production of a quality ration.  The most popular sources of fiber are beet pulp, tomato pomace, cellulose powder and of course the fibrous material in the whole grains and vegetables.  This makes whole grains less acceptable than grains where the husk has been removed.  It does not make vegetables acceptable at all!  Pearled barley, for instance, is better than whole barley, and white rice is better than brown rice.  An example is that you will rarely see pearled barley used because it costs about three times as much as whole barley. 

Fiber on a weight basis is usually included in the 3 to 7% level.  While this is bad enough, it is the volume occupied by these materials that is the real devil.  For example if 1 pound of food contains 5% fiber by weight. 

The amount of beet pulp or like ingredients that is required by weight to yield the 22.7 grams of fiber (5% of the ration) in the diagram above is calculated by (dividing 22.7 [the amount of fiber in the ration] by 16% the amount of fiber in beet pulp) = 141.875 grams or 31.25% of the ration, revealing that 1/3 of the ration (+) is made up of beet pulp by weight.  These are approximate figures. 

On a volumetric basis, beet pulp, tomato pomace, cellulose powder, cellulose or flour and other like ingredients when saturated with digestive tract fluids can expand by as much as 250%.  It is this enormous volume of cellulose that causes damage.  Beet pulp (and vegetable fiber) and like ingredients reverse the digestive processes and raise havoc with nutrient values – lowering them.  They are not appropriate ingredients for the feeding of carnivores.

Why Large Amounts of Fibrous Material are Included in Commercial Rations

The way in which fiber creates a firm stool is by slowing the passage of the food through the large intestine (the colon).  The colon is the organ in the body which absorbs moisture from the forming stool.  The longer the food and fiber remain in the colon the drier the stool.  It takes large volumes of expandable fibrous material to create firm stools artificiallyThe only other way to create firm stools is by including large quantities of species-appropriate ingredients – that is the right wayThat is also the way that the Abady Company designs its products – another first in the industry.

Fibrous material speeds up the transit time of the food through the stomach and small intestine, diminishing the time the food remains in the digestive tract to be processed.  This lowers the nutritional value of the ration, leading to deficiencies.  If the food were composed primarily of species-appropriate ingredients, as is the case in all Abady products, i.e. muscle meat, by-products, eggs, fat, bone, blood etc. it would move slowly through the stomach and small intestine ensuring that the ingredients would be fully processed.  Fibrous material included in dog foods is indigestible (whether from grain or vegetables) because the dog does not produce the enzymes necessary to break down cellulose.  Therefore the massive volumes of fibrous material included in dog foods, in addition to the speeding up of the transit time of the food through the stomach and intestine interferes with the breakdown of food in the stomach by shielding the particles of food from attack by digestive tract fluids and enzymes.  The greater the volume of fibrous material, the less access the enzymes and digestive juices will have to the molecules of food, lowering the nutritional value of the food and invalidating the nutrient listings in the Guaranteed Analyses.  NO fibrous material is added to Abady products.

Excess fiber interferes with the absorption of vital nutrients by chemically rendering them unabsorbable


 Fiber can interfere with the absorption of iron (causing anemia).  Iron is absorbed early in the digestive phase and the speeding up of the transit time of the food through the upper digestive tract may limit its absorption.  In addition, binders in some fibers link chemically with a number of vitally needed minerals; including calcium, zinc, and manganese and may carry them out of the body.  This can be serious for a number of reasons.  First, the depletion of these critical nutrients can result in a host of deficiencies, and second, the binding of trace elements can cause all nutrients in the ration to be malabsorbed.  For example, in the gastric phase of digestion, specific hormones are released which initiate the enzymatic breakdowns of foods.  One of the most important hormones is gastrin, which is released by cells in the back of the stomach; this release is initiated by dietary protein.  Meals that are too low in protein or that are reduced in protein value (protein value is low when gluten is a major contributor to the protein in the ration and when the amount of quality protein is minimized) interfere with the secretion of gastrin (which is not stimulated) resulting in poor digestion.  Gastrin stimulates cells within the stomach to produce hydrochloric acid, which causes the food that is starting to be digested to become acidic; a necessity for full digestion to take place and protect against food borne bacteria, like salmonella, E. Coli etc...that is why raw meat can be utilized by dogs, and the bacteria it contains is neutralized by the stomach acid.  A protein-splitting enzyme called pepsin is also released and begins the breakdown of protein.  Most of the digestive enzymes, such as pepsin, are secreted initially in an inactive form called zymogens.  This prevents the body from digesting itself.  The conversion of these enzymes to their active forms requires adequate levels of other converting enzymes called co-enzymes, which are affected by the levels of zinc and manganese in the body.  The binding of trace minerals by fiber (phytic acid) can, in this way, also interfere with protein breakdown, contributing to the nutritional impoverishment of the animal.

Allergies – the direct connection

Allergies are one of the great problems facing dogs today.  They are caused entirely by commercial diets.  While dogs are allergic to some certain grains, particularly the ones that are genetically engineered and to gluten (the protein of grain), the great majority of allergies are caused by the high volume of fibrous material included in dog foods – this is how they come about.  Don’t expect your veterinarian to be aware of this connection.  It will be denied by his or her nutritional advisors, the manufacturers of omnivore-targeted, high fiber foods which they promote and sell.  By expediting the food through the gastric phase the fibrous material introduces large molecules of partially broken down protein and other food substances (whatever is included in the dog food) into the small intestine, which can lead to serious complications.  The damage caused by incompletely digested protein and other food materials being introduced into the bloodstream can bring about immune reactions – which we call allergies.  The large molecules of incompletely digested food often behave as allergens – producing allergies.  This indicates that the improper digestion of dietary protein may lead to widespread allergies or hypersensitivity particularly to protein-based foods.  It has also been found that certain dietary-protein molecules, when incompletely digested, may cause a reduction in the capacity of the immune system to respond appropriately by producing a state of low-zone tolerance, resulting both in skin infections and other types of recurrent infections.

Excess fiber and colon health

While the small intestine is the site for the digestion and absorption of many nutrients, the large intestine (or colon) is where moisture from the stool is recovered, and bacterial action that produces some of the B vitamins takes place.  A few nutrients and other substances are also absorbed from the colon, including the valuable tripeptide glutathione.  Fecal material is composed of water, dead bacterial cells, the breakdown products from hemoglobin and bile salts, and undigested fiber.  The colon is extremely important in the maintenance of nutrient balance and gastrointestinal function.  There are millions of bacteria that inhabit the colon, and if the colon is healthy the bacteria are of a beneficial variety.  The host-friendly bacteria convert sugar into lactic acid (lactobacillus).  They are present in the skin, the digestive system, and in the vaginal mucosa where they perform many functions and protect their hosts against harmful bacteria.  These lactic bacteria keep the numbers of pathogenic bacteria in check by competing with them for attachment sites and growing room.  Furthermore, lactic bacteria create an acid environment around themselves that is hostile to pathogenic bacteria.  The basic products of lactobacilli fermentation are lactic acid, acetic acid, benzoic acid, and hydrogen peroxide.  All have significant anti-microbial activity.  In addition, the various strains of lactobacilli produce antibiotic substances, acidolin, acidophilus, lactocidin, and bulgarican all of which inhibit the growth of the worst pathogens, including Staphylococcus aureus and Echerichia coli.  Unlike antibiotics like penicillin, the substances produced by lactic bacteria do not indiscriminately attack useful bacteria, they only attack pathogens.  Lactobacilli of a strain that has been going for over 60 years (named LB-51) produce a substance that has significant anti-tumor activity and also has the ability (unlike all other agents) to confer upon its host lifelong immunity to those tumors.  It is obviously very important to encourage these friendly bacteria in every way possible.  There are a number of other benefits associated with a healthy colonization of lactic bacteria.  When bacteria in the colon are provided with a healthy environment, the intestinal tract is healthy, wastes are properly eliminated, and good nutrient absorption takes place.  If bacteria in the colon are in a state of chaos, or are killed off as a result of the use of antibiotics, or as a consequence of the feeding of an improper diet which causes an overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria in the colon (a diet that is high in fibrous material), the attachment sites of the “friendly” bacteria are quickly taken up by resident, fast-multiplying, opportunistic pathogens.  Pathogens are parasitic, not symbiotic, and if there are enough of them, they will begin to produce toxins in the colon.  Toxic colon disorders (such as colitis) are associated with higher levels of anaerobic bacteria (those that do not require oxygen).  The integrity of the colon and its functions is controlled by the acidity of the mucosa produced by the “friendly bacteria” and by the volume of fiber in the diet.  If there is too much fiber in the diet it will bring undigested food into the colon which will ferment and putrefy, causing large numbers of pathogenic bacteria to be generated.  These anaerobic bacteria can proliferate wildly, potentially reaching levels a thousand times greater than normal.  The delayed colon transit time associated with high volumes of fiber encourages the absorption of toxins and pathogens into the blood stream.  In extreme cases the buildup of fibrous material can jam the ileocecal valve (the valve that separates the small intestine from the large intestine) in an open position, allowing bacteria to migrate into other portions of the digestive tract.  It is therefore important that the level of fibrous material be kept to as low a level as possible to prevent this damaging chain of events from ever beginning.

This is what can happen when the diet deviates so radically from Nature.  Understanding these concepts the Robert Abady Dog and Cat Food Company keeps the level of fiber to the levels found in the raw material.

Now that you have learned how destructive fibrous material actually is to dogs and cats, contributing to deficiencies by speeding up the transit time of the food through the stomach and intestines and by interfering with nutrient absorption, how it damages the digestive processes, creates an unhealthy environment by increasing the absorption of toxins by decreasing the transit time in the colon.  Why do you think beet pulp and its like ingredients are included in large amounts in virtually every commercial diet?  Because it is the only material that creates firm stools in the absence or relative absence of quality species-appropriate ingredients.  Abady-fed dogs have even better stools, due to the high levels of species-appropriate ingredients that characterize them– no other company designs its products this way.

Transition to Abady products is easy.  Simply administer acidophilus orally until proper function is restored from the effects of the high fiber food from which one is switching.

Saponins and their relation to bloat

The cause of bloat is not a mystery, never has been, never will be.  It is caused primarily  by saponins.  Saponins are a class of potent neurotoxins that have a wide range of metabolic effects.  They have caused bloat in every species of animal in which they have been tested including dogs and cats.  Saponins paralyze the digestive tract and can, thereby, shut down the avenues through which gases caused by the fermentation of food would normally escape.  Saponins also shut down the vomiting reflex.  This interference with the escape of gasses causes them to accumulate in the digestive tract to the point of crushing the animal’s vital organs, killing it in the process.  Saponins can interfere with conception, causing resorptions and abortions.  While saponin molecules are large and not readily absorbed from the intestinal tract they can corrode the intestinal mucosa if consumed at sub-lethal dosages over a prolonged period of time, causing them to be absorbed directly into the bloodstream as if they were injected.  Saponins also create a firm stool by partially paralyzing the colon.  They cause lesions and hemorrhages in the intestines, brain, heart, spleen, stomach, and uterus.  They also cause colitis and torsion.  They dissolve red blood cells, cause anemia, and can overtax the blood-forming organs that have to compensate for the hemolytic action of the saponins.  Phaseolins contained in these same ingredients stimulate rapid growth while interfering with the enzymes that are essential for the synthesis of protein.  This combination of promoting rapid growth while preventing the animal from developing the tissue strength needed to grow soundly is undoubtedly a critically important factor in the creation of structural disasters. 

Saponins can cause inflammation in the digestive organs, often resulting in death through simple contact with the digestive tract mucosa.  Saponins can also cause selective localized inflammation that can interfere with the processing and absorption of nutrients that normally would be processed or absorbed at those sites.  This may cause malabsorption of only one nutrient at the site of the inflammation while other nutrients absorbed elsewhere in the tract might be unaffected.  It is also known that a number of vitamins are absorbed only when bound to specific carrier proteins in the intestinal tract.  These binding proteins are produced by the intestinal cells and help promote the absorption of the vitamins.  If the intestinal cells are inflamed or damaged by saponins, the intestinal mucosa may be unable to secrete the level of carrier-proteins needed for vitamin absorption.  The symptoms of internal damage (diarrhea) are masked (sometimes) by the high levels of fiber that are included in commercial diets, thereby interfering with the proper diagnosis and treatment of intestinal derangement.  The above should be reason enough to reduce the level of fiber to the lowest level possible.  Saponins are not neutralized by the processing of the food – quite to the contrary their potency is intensified by cooking.  Despite some non-injurious aspects of saponins, the dangers of including them in dog and cat foods takes precedence – ingredients that contain them must be avoided for maximum safety. 

Time to wake up, learn, listen, and protect your animals

Fats and the Omega’s

Fat is absolutely necessary.  It is the body’s chief storage of energy.  The storage of fat is a valuable evolutionary mechanism for animals that must live a feast or famine existence.  Fat enables them to remain alive during famines.  They provide most of the energy to perform work, especially muscular work.  Fat in the body surrounds and cushions the vital organs and serves as a shock absorber.  The fat blanket under the skin insulates the body from extremes of temperature, thus assisting with internal climate control, protecting unborn puppies during pregnancy.  Some essential nutrients are soluble in fat – vitamins A, D, E, and K and the essential fatty acids.  Fat is important to all the body’s cells.

The essential fatty acid linoleic acid and its derivatives are the omega 6’s.  Linolenic acid and its derivatives are the omega 3’s.  They cannot be synthesized by the body - they must be present in the diet.  The most important of the two are linoleic acid and its derivatives, the omega 6’s because they have more tasks to perform; they can even replace the omega 3’s if the omega 3’s are deficient or absent.  Those tasks may not be performed as well, but the regulatory functions will nevertheless continue to be performed.  Most tasks require that the essential fatty acids, either the omega 6’s or the omega 3’s be of the 20 to 22 carbon length variety.  These long carbon chain fatty acids are only derived from animal (lamb or pork) fat or fish fat.  This demonstrates that notions advocating that there are benefits associated with the absence of animal fat in a diet for companion carnivores are baseless.  In fact, the absence of animal fat in a diet makes the body work very hard to overcome the deficiency of the 20 to 22 carbon variety.  When plant oils are used they provide the 18 carbon chain fatty acids which the body has to lengthen in order to be able to use them.  In that competition the omega 6’s have the advantage.  Given equal amounts of the 18 carbon starting materials (omega 6 and the omega 3’s), the enzymes will prefer to use linoleic acid to make its longer chain derivatives and will use very little linolenic acid (omega 3’s) to make its longer-chain derivatives (EPA & DHA).

In short both the omega 6 and omega 3’s are very important in the diet.  The ratios between the two that are present in the diet must be accurate.  Here is an example of how this works.  The omega 6 fatty acid may lower blood cholesterol by causing it to degrade faster.  The omega 3 fatty acid will also lower blood cholesterol by reducing the availability of carriers for it.  In this scenario the omega 6 is the most important.  On the other hand the growth of certain tumors is slower in the presence of omega 3 fatty acids.  There are notions being circulated that because sunflower oil (a premier source of plant-based omega 6 fatty acids) was used to demonstrate that tumors grow more rapidly in the presence of omega 6 fatty acids than in the presence of omega 3 fatty acids that it was the sunflower oil that is at fault.  Sunflower oil was selected because it has the highest concentration of omega 6 fatty acids, is the purest, and the only non-toxic oil in the marketplace.  Virtually any other omega 6 oil could be used.  Sunflower oil is a marvelous source of omega 6 fatty acids and for proper dietary balance it should be combined with adequate supplies of omega 3 fatty acids.  Overstating the amounts of omega 3 fatty acids in a diet in relation to the amounts of omega 6 fatty acids is a prescription for disaster (we know of one company that makes this error and brags about it as if it were advantageous - it isn’t) particularly because the omega 3’s cannot substitute for the omega 6’s, while the omega 6’s do substitute for shortages of the omega 3’s.  The Abady Company was the first company, over 30 years ago, to recognize the need for omega 3 fatty acids and to address it.

In Summation


The key to such excellence lies in Abady rations being conceptually sound.  They have been designed for carnivores and are produced according to the strictest standards of species-appropriate nutrition.

Abady products center around protein adequacy.  They are the only products in which the animal protein content ranges in the 80 to 90 percentiles.  In addition, in Abady products the entire ration is focused on protecting the protein so that it can be used effectively by the body.  Other brands offer very little quality animal protein regardless of how the ingredients are listed on the label.  They offer mostly grain protein, gluten, which has a Biological Value of zero and has potentially serious long term side effects.  Foods in which gluten is added as a source of protein attest to lack of importance attached to protein quality by companies that include it in their products.  The level of carbohydrates in Abady is moderated and the level of fibrous material included in Abady is so miniscule that it will not interfere with nutrient digestion and availability.  The opposite is true of all other feeds in the marketplace.  There are other foods on the market which include vegetables, potatoes, and fruit.  These products are not species-appropriate and many of these substitutes for grain (like potatoes) do not offer any advantages over grain.  Potatoes, peas, beans, and garlic contain saponins. 

The last point as to what makes Abady products so outstanding is that what is included is as important as what is avoided.  The Abady Company does not include ingredients that contain substances that are poisonous like saponins or phaseolins.  It has been explicitly explained in the body of this article why saponins are the cause of numerous breakdowns including: bloat, torsion, and reproductive disorders including reduced litter sizes, resorptions and abortions.  They also cause gastrointestinal disorders (among others).  Phaseolins promote rapid growth while interfering with the body’s ability to utilize protein (essential for the building of a sound body).  One last review of the ingredients that are commonly included in both dog and cat foods containing these toxins are: soybeans, beet pulp, sorghum, tomato pomace, alfalfa, peas, beans, oats, potatoes, garlic, and yucca.  None of these ingredients are included in Abady’s dog and cat foods.  Abady products are not only the most effective but are safe as well.  There may not be any other products in the marketplace that meet these stringent criteria.  Certainly, we do not know of any.

The Robert Abady Dog & Cat Food Company, Ltd